IUCN Report on Ocean Deoxygenation
Ocean deoxygenation: Everyone’s problem
Causes, impacts, consequences and solutions
Ocean deoxygenation is one of the most pernicious, yet under-reported side-effects of human-induced climate change. The primary causes of deoxygenation are eutrophication (increased nutrient run-off from land and sewage pollution) and nitrogen deposition from the burning of fossil fuels, coupled with the widespread impacts from ocean warming. Oxygen loss from warming has alarming consequences for global oceanic oxygen reserves, which have already been reduced by 2% over a period of just 50-years (from 1960 to 2010).
588 p., Published by IUCN – International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Gland, Switzerland